Journal of Law

Current Issue

Volume : 37 Issue : 131 2022

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Author :Prof. Odeh Abdullah (Main Researcher), Researcher: Mohammad Wasfi Jallad (Associate Researcher)
Discipline :Interpretation

Imam Al-Razi approach in directing the Verbal similarities in his Tafsir «Mafatih-ul-Ghaib»

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-002

This research paper is an attempt to investigate the topic of verbal similarity in Imam al-Razi Tafsir of “Mafatih-ul-Ghaib” in terms of his approach of exploring the verbal differences between the similar verses in the Quran and then analyzing his approach according to the analytical and critical methods.
The study comprises two parts, the fir part investigates the foundations upon which Al-Razi relied in directing the verbal similarity, and the second part dis-cusses the different views that criticized his approach.
The study concluded that Al-Razi was - in general - taking into account the two main pillars in the science of directing Verbal similarities, namely: stating the dif-ferences between similar expressions, and stating the suitability of each word for its context. However, he is criticized to restrict himself in many places by explai-ning the linguistic difference without linking it to the context and denying the existence of any difference between some of the verbal similarities. These defects do not detract from the value of Imam Al-Razi, nor his effort and creativity in this field.
Keywords: Al-Razi, AL TAFSEER AL KABEER, verbal similarity, Interpreters› Methods


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Author :Dr. Ahmed Diaa El Din Hussein (Main Researcher), Reem Abdul-Razzaq Mohammad Abdul-Razzaq (Co-researcher)
Discipline :Interpretation

The Qur›anic Approach in Forming an Educational Terminology in Light of the Divine Statutes

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-003

This study came as a response to the Islamic societies’ need for guidance and assessment, especially in light of the challenges facing the Islamic world today. This requires finding a righteous, elite leadership and determining its structure and function in light of the immutable Divine laws. The significance of this study stems from the lack of scientific, rooted studies addressing the formation of such an educational terminology. To achieve this purpose, an inductive, deductive approach was employed. The results revealed that the Qur’anic approach in forming such an educational terminology is better defined by the well-formulated basis and plans mentioned in the Noble Qur’an texts which seek the formation of a sound, integrated and effective entrepreneur in line with the immutable Divine laws; the foundations of forming such an educational terminology are divided into Legislative Foundations (e.g. the total compliance with Allah’s orders), and Methodological Foundations (e.g. the thoroughness of reform components and the variation of the targeted groups by the call for reform); and that the main plans of forming such an educational terminology are divided into Prevention Plans (e.g. rejecting the social norm in the call for an educational reform), and Developmental Plans (e.g. the rotation of al-Dawa).
Keywords: Qur’anic Approach, Educational Terminology, Divine Statutes.

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Author :Dr. Iqbal Ali Abdullah Alenezi
Discipline :Hadith

Rules of Formation of Good Habits Through the Prophetic Sunnah

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-004

The daily human life is a series of habits. Good habits are considered a main reason in the happiness of the human and the success in life at all social and vocational levels. The Prophetic Sunnah came for the interest of all people in line with their nature and characteristics. Therefore, the Sunnah included calling for the acquirement of good habits and getting rid of bad habits. The habit is a repeated action done people do without planning or any extra effort. This study included practical rules prescribed in habits books and it were compatible with the Prophetic Sunnah, such as the following main rules: Making the caller for the habit visible and attendant, linking habits together, that so-called “Habit Formation”, changing the discouraging environment for the good habit, the habit is also formed through assembling of habits, simulation of close people, making the habit as easy as possible, instantaneously rewarding  and motivating the self at the time of doing the habit and performing missed habits.
Keywords: Habits, Prophetic Sunnah, Objective Hadith, Rules

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Author :Dr. Maha Menwer Almutairi
Discipline :Hadith

Anonymity in Hadith’s scholars perspective, is it discreditation of narrator or abstention?

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-005

This study examines the Hadith scholars judgment of anonymity upon narrators. And whether such attitude should considered as a defect of the narrator’s authentication. The problem of the study lies in the variance in theory and in practice,  that the researcher has observed,  when reading in the anonymity judgment among the Hadith scholars in the literature of the (MUSTALAH). Therefore, one of the objectives of this study is to clarify Hadith Scholars methodology in the anonymity judgment , and to show its status among the ranking of the science of discrediting or confirming the reliability of narrators. The study concluded that anonymity judging is not a discrediting in itself, but rather a presumption that the scholars infrequently apply to discredit the narrator, and they may not use it - despite its availability - to criticize the narrator, according to the available evidences of which suggest accepting or refusing his narration. In fact some of the Hadith’s scholars had accepted several narrations of anonyms narrators. Anonymity, according to its linguistic definition, is a kind of opacity state. It is more appropriate to regarded it as a reservation until the case of the narrator is identified and the evidences for discrediting or confirming are available. It is more likely to be considered as an unexplained discrediting in which some scholars did not consider it as a defect nor accept it.
Key words:
anonymity , anonyms narrators, discrediting, abstention.

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Author :Dr. Mohammad A. Alazmi
Discipline :Hadith

Deriving Phrases of Trustiness and Disgrace from the Adjective taken from the Name of the Narrator Either Trusted or Graced

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-006

This paper “Deriving Phrases of Trustiness and Disgrace from the Adjective taken from the Name of the Narrator Either Trusted or Disgracing”, discusses the use of the scientists in studies related to disgracing and soberness of derivatives taken from the name of the narrator; sobriety and commended or disrupted and disgraced. However, such derivatives are not categorized within the classifications of disgracing and soberness. This paper discusses the use of such derivatives by the criticism scientists and the reasons behind not being categorized in that classifications. Also, it discusses the dilemma either the adjectives of soberness and disgracing categories are undeniable and restricted or it can be denied and added upon the development of the used approach subject to recognised rules and principles. It is found that, there are some narrators, the adjectives derived from their names are very close to their personalities. Such as, Saied (means happy) Bin Almuseeb, Thabet (means honest) Albanani, Musddad (means prudence) Bin Masrhad and others. On the other hand, there are some narrators, the adjectives derived from their names are very far from their personalities. Such as, Baraka (means graceful) Bin Mohammad Alahalbi who was not so at all, Saad (means happiness) Bin Shuaba Bin Hajaj who was not happy or even close, Mamoun (means trustful) no body trusted him and others. So, such derivatives should only be taken as case by case and not in absolute manner.  This paper aims to prove that the adjectives derived from the names of the narrators can be added and used however within disciplined measures.
Key words:
Deriving - Trustiness – Disgrace - Adjective - Narrator

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Author :Dr. Mohammed Zayed Al-Otaibi
Discipline :Hadith

Faulty Impact of a Narrator Trustiness or Disgrace on his Narrations

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-007

This paper discusses on of the science of disgracing, soberness and justifications which is the “Faulty Impact of a Narrator Trustiness or Disgrace on his Narrations”. This research aims to explore some familiar mistakes committed by some of Hadith narrators. Furthermore, it gives the names of some of them and the most famous mistakes. The inducement approach is adapted through the literature review for results conclusion. This research is divided into introduction, four main topics and conclusion with the results of the research.
Of such results, renown of a narrator with a sort of mistake is a weighting presumption of justifications. The renown of a narrator with a sort of mistakes, it shall be a general description of his mistakes regardless such mistake has or has not affected the judgement on such narrator. Not only the general stereotype about the narrator but also It is important to consider the opinion of the critics upon studying one of his narrations.  The general stereotype may judge him as a trustee however, his mistakes are described in a way disgraced him.
Key words:
Narrator – Fault - Sort of Mistake - Narrations

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Author :Dr. Areej Fahd Abed Al-Jabri
Discipline : Usul Fiqh (Principles of Jurisprudence)

The fundamental Differences According to Imam Ibn Al-Amir Aṣ-Ṣana’ni through his book entitled Hashiat Al-Oddah from its beginning to the end of Adhan chapter: Analytical Fundamental Study

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-008

This thesis tackles «the fundamental differences of Imam Ibn Al-Amir As-Sana’ni through his book entitled Hashiat Al-Uddah from the beginning of it to the end of the Adhan chapter, an analytical fundamental study.»
It includes an introduction which tackles the importance of the thesis, why to choose it, its targets, problems, questions, limitations, and literature review.
It includes two topics; the first topic defines the fundamental differences. The second topic tackles the differences of Imam Ibn Al-Amir As-Sana›ni through his book entitled Hashiat Al-Uddah.
Regarding the approach; the thesis adopts the inductive approach, descriptive approach and analytical approach.
The conclusion came up with many results and recommendations as follows:
The personality of Imam Ibn Al-Amir As-Sana’ni was embodied in his accurate comments on Imam Ibn Daqiq Al-Eid in his Hashiat. Also, the thesis shows that the attempt to search for the fundamental differences results in the birth of the quality of deduction of Sharia rulings from the texts.
In its conclusion, the study recommends that the fundamental differences of Ḥadīth explicators, particularly those who are famous for writing in fundamentals, should be taken into consideration. A special care should be given to the book of Hashiat Al-Uddah on Ihkam Al-Ahkam by Imam Ibn Al-Amir As-Sana’ni. Also, the fundamental differences should be deduced and his efforts should be recognized through this significant Hashiat which helps the students of fundamentals with the practical application after they know this great art perfectly.
Fundamentals of Fiqh – fundamental differences – Ibn Al-Amir As-Sana’ni – Al-Uddah.

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Author :Dr. Khaled Yousif Aljuhaim
Discipline :Usul Fiqh (Principles of Jurisprudence)

The Purpose of Protection of Property between Islamic Jurisprudence and Kuwaiti Law - Applied Comparative Study

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-009

The research discusses the concept of the purpose of the Protection of Property which is one of al-kulliyāt al-khams (the Five Universal Principles) and confirmation of this great purpose by Sharia. The protection is one of the Sharia purposes for property. Islamic Jurists addressed Sharia provisions that achieve this great purpose i.e., Protection of Property - as protecting public properties, endowments, documentation of contracts, respect third-party properties and prevent monopoly along with other Sharia matters and applications. The Kuwaiti law is compatible with those jurisprudential confirmations through legislations and laws issued to achieve this Sharia purpose.  Therefore, this research aimed to indicate the extent of interest of both Islamic Jurisprudence Kuwaiti Law to achieve the purpose of Protection of Property through what is mentioned by Four Imams of Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence through their notes (taqrirat), independent reasonings (ijtihadat) and based on the texts of the Holy Book, the Sunnah, and through what is included Kuwaiti Laws, Amiri decrees, Kuwaiti Constitution and what confirmed by legislative foundations in Kuwait. The goal is to demonstrate the care of jurisprudential and legal applications for promotion and achieving the purpose of the Protection of Property as noble objective as fundamental necessity compared to the Islamic Jurisprudence and the Kuwaiti Law in discussing the matters and the issues that lead to this purpose.
Keywords: Purposes of Sharia, Purpose of Protection of Property, The Five Universal Principles, Islamic Jurisprudence, Kuwaiti Law.


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Author :Prof. Abdulrazak Khalifa Alshayji (Main Researcher), - Samir Abu Rumman, PhD (Associate Researcher)
Discipline :Field Study

Freedom of Philanthropy in the State of Kuwait from the view of a sample of leaders of Philanthropic societies, charities and voluntary teams

DOI: 10.34120/0378-037-131-010

سعت الدراسة إلى تحقيق مجموعة من الأهداف، تمثّل أبرزها في: التعرف إلى مدى مواكبة البيئة التنظيمية لممارسة العمل الخيري داخل دولة الكويت، ومدى وجود قيود مفروضة على تلك الممارسة، خاصة فيما يتعلق بالعمل الخيري العابر للحدود، وأيضًا معرفة مدى مواكبة البيئة السياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية، فضلاً عن استشراف مستقبل العمل الخيري الكويتي.
وقد استخدمت الدراسة أداة استطلاع الرأي لعدد من قيادات الجهات والمبرات والفرق التطوعية للإجابة عن أسئلة حول حرية العمل الخيري في الكويت، وذلك من خلال التطبيق على عينة قصدية من 102 خلال الفترة ما بين يناير- يوليو 2020، باستخدام رابط إلكتروني خاص للاستمارة.
وكان من أبرز نتائج الدراسة‏ ما يلي:
عبَّر ما يقارب نصف المستجيبين (46.5%) عن أن ‏إجراءات تأسيس الجمعيات والمبرات الخيرية سهلة، ويرى أكثر من (55%) من العينة أن متطلبات ‏التأسيس أيضًا سهلة، لكن (55.5%) لم يوافقوا على التزام الإدارة المختصة بالرد على طلب التأسيس بالوقت المحدد في القانون، ورأوا أن ذلك ‏لا يتم بالتساوي بين الجهات المختلفة‎.‎ وعن أفضلية العمل تحت مظلة الجمعيات والمبرات الخيرية عبِّر 56.9% من العينة عن ‏رفضهم لذلك، ولكن رأى أكثر من نصف المستجيبين بقليل (51%) وجود قيود قانونية تتعلق بانضمام ‏البعض إلى الجمعيات والمبرات الخيرية‎.‎ ويرى  (47.5%) أن ‏إجراءات حل الجمعيات والمبرات الخيرية متوافقة مع اللوائح، وبالتالي فهي شفافة ونزيهة، ووافقت نسبة ‏‏(63.4%) من العينة على أن قرار حل الجمعيات والمبرات الخيرية يخضع لإشراف قضائي.إلى  أما عن مدى كون البيئة مشجعة لممارسة العمل الخيري بحرية أم لا داخل دولة الكويت، فقد ‏رأت غالبية العينة في الدراسة (69.6%) من العينة أن الظروف السياسية تُشكِّل بيئة ملائمة ‏لممارسة العمل الخيري بحرية في الدولة، واعتبرت نسبة (86.3%) أن الظروف الاقتصادية بيئة ملائمة، ‏وأن المجتمع الكويتي ملئ بقيم العمل الخيري، وأن القيم الاجتماعية الأساسية داعمة لممارسة العمل ‏الخيري بنسبة (98%).‏
الكلمات المفتاحية: العمل الخيري، الجمعيات الخيرية، المبرات، الفرق التطوعية، البيئة السياسية، البيئة الاجتماعية والثقافية، التطوع، غير ربحي، مجتمع مدني.


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